The Kingdom of Daytar Leamay
In the kingdom of Daytar Leamay the written laws are enforced as follows:
1: The enforcement of written law: Within the Kingdom the written law applies to all peoples within the kingdom. With the exception of the reigning King or Queen, or their Regent, whose word is law and whose body is above the law.
Every town and city within the kingdom has an appointed Justiciar, whose job it is to act as judge and interpret the law. In larger town and cities the Justiciar may appoint lower judges to assist in the case load. The justiciar is also responsible for the building and maintaining any jail or prisons within their designated service area.
Every town and city has an appointed Sheriff, whose job it is to enforce the law, hire and maintain a city or town guard, and to gather necessary evidence to present at trial. In larger town and cities the sheriff is also responsible for the hiring and maintaining of jail and prison guards within their designated service area.
Any person accused of any crime may, at their own expense, request an advocate to assist in their defense during the trial. Advocates may present evidence in the defense of accused people. They may examine all evidence against the accused and may interrogate the witnesses during the trial.
2: Nessecary definitions:
- Monarchs: The current ruling King, Queen or their regent are above the law. Their word overrides all and any written law and they may make changes to the written law as they see fit.
- Nobility: Any Lord, Earl, Count, Viscount as defined by their titles of nobility. Nobles are required to adhere to the written law of the land. However only a Justiciar may make an indictment against a titled noble person. Such an indictment must be brought before the ruling Monarchs court for judgment.
- All other peoples of the kingdom: All peoples within the kingdom, whether residing or visiting the kingdom are subject the enforcement of the written law as determined by the justicar or one of his designated subordinate judges within their derestriction.
- Each township and city is designated a derestriction that includes all lands and waters within a single days ride from their town or city. when a property or crime is in question as to the derestriction, priority is given to towns and cities based on their current population size, the larger the population the more likely. If a crime is committed outside any derestriction’s, victims may appeal to their closest justicar for intervention and assistance.
- Definition of person: Due to the large variety or races within the kingdom, the definition of a person is considered to be anyone who is a member of one of the following races: Human, Elven, Dwarven, Halfling, Gnome, Marackets, Rayyl, Puggii, Kanwan, Wakanda or Orcish, or any cross breads from these races. A person is more intelligent than an animal (INT:3+) and has the ability to speak some language. Intelligent persons from other races can also be covered by the written law at the desecration of the Justiciar or the Monarch, and as such are often given identification “papers” to legitimatize their place in the kingdom. Persons can own land and property, and are required to pay taxes and follow the written law.
The act of committing murder is defined as the willful slaying of an intelligent person. It is left to the Justiciar to decide if an act is murder, self defense, necessary, or “animal slaughter”. All and any evidence must be presented in court by the Sheriff or one of his representatives. The penalty for murder is to be determined by the Justiciar and can range from life imprisonment, up to and including execution. In order to pass a judgment for execution, the Justiciar must present the case to the Royal court and gain permission for such a judgment. Acts committed by soldiers within war time are covered by military law. Non intelligent creatures, and intelligent members of non-personhood status races (such as goblins) are considered animal slaughter.
The act of theft is defined as one person taking or removing property legally owned by another person without their permission. The Justiciar has great leeway to decide if the evidence does indeed show theft, and any punishment therefore required. Returning the stolen item or paying restitution may mitigate the sentence.
- Petty theft: The theft of any object or item valued at 10GP or less. The punishment for petty theft can range from imprisonment for up to 5 years or public embarrassment punishment such as the stocks.
- Theft: The theft of any object or item valued between 10GP and 100GP. The punishment for theft can range from imprisonment for up to 10 years or public corporal punishment such as floggings or the removal of a hand.
- Grand theft: The theft of any object or item valued over 100GP. The punishment for Grand theft can range from imprisonment for up to 50 years, or public corporal punishment up to and including execution. Executions must be approved by the royal court, before punishment is handed down.
5: Sexual misconduct:
It is at best difficult to determine sexual misconduct. However sexual misconduct is defined as the forced sexual act against an unwilling woman. Husbands cannot be charged with sexual misconduct against their spouse. If the victim is at the time of the misconduct a virgin their family may demand their bride price as a fine against the accused. Punishment for sexual misconduct can range from imprisonment for up to 20 years or public corporal punishment up to and including castration.
6: Tax law:
All residents of the kingdom must pay their taxes when requested by an appointed tax official. Tax officials for the crown are appointed by the reigning monarch, Tax officials for a district are appointed by that districts mayor or reigning nobility. Failing to pay taxes may allow a person to be charged with tax evasion. A Justiciar may sentence a tax evader with up to 5 years imprisonment or public embarrassment punishment such as the stocks or a term of unpaid public service to repay their dept.
- Royalty: The current reigning monarch need not pay taxes. They are assumed to have complete control of the finances of the kingdom
- Nobility: All titled nobles pay their taxes directly to the crown.
- Land owners: All persons who own land within the kingdom pay their taxes directly to the crown.
- Merchants: Any person with a merchants license pays their taxes directly to the crown
- Commoners: All other people residing in the kingdom pay their taxes to the district in which they reside.
Those who have either failed to pay their legally owed taxes or have contractually failed to pay a contractual debt can be at the discretion of the Justiciar or one of his representatives sentenced to forced labor at a rate of no less than 1Gp per day of debt or serve twice that time in prison. This is rarely enforced for less than 100Gp of debt. Those sentenced often have choice of repayment, either jail time or work.
The options include town or road maintenance, or contract with one of a few different businesses which specialize in forced labor. Once such business is the Harvoner Shipping Galleys (who ship to Jerrita), another is the Longway River ferries both of who use the debtors as oarsmen.
It is illegal in Daytar Leamay to buy, sell, or keep an intelligent person as a slave or pet against their will. Law breakers are not to be used as labor. Debtors may choose to serve time in work programs to repay their debt, but cannot be kept in confinement once their debt is repaid without suitable paid compensation for their time.
Intelligent Beasts may be kept as pets and are the responsibility of their keepers, however may as intelligent creatures choose to be free of their keepers. It is considered immoral to hold an intelligent beast against its will and may be freed under the slavery laws if it is found to be held against its will, in captivity, abused or mishandled, at the discretion of the justicar.
9: Illicit substances:
It is illegal in Daytar Leamay to be found in possession of, or creating substances which are known to be lethal, addictive or explosive. A short list of illicit substances is offended here, however it is up to the justicar to decide if a substance is illicit and the appropriate punishment.
It is also illegal to create weapons with black powder (fireworks are allowed so long as their are for entertainment purposes, to use one as a weapon is considered at least attempted murder)
Poisons: Arsenic, Black adder venom, Black lotus, Blood root, Blue whinnis, Burnt othur, Dark reaver, Death blade, Greenblood oil, Hemlock, Kings sleep, Nitharit, Sassone Leaf, Tears of Death, Wolfsbane, Wyvern Poison
Drugs: Devilweed (Oni weed), Nymph Tears, Opium, Pesh, Scour, Shiver, Zerk
Explosive: Black powder, Bombs, incendiary devices, fireworks
- Note: Local Mayors have begun issuing licenses for professional firework producers under strict controls. These towns often have firework shows during their festivals. however it is still considered illegal to use them outside of these special events and other sanctioned uses. Mat Jabar and Nader both use licensed fireworks.